Transportation

It takes only 30 minutes to go Alanya from Gazipaşa Airport which is 40 km away from Alanya. With the advent of Alanya Outdoor Sports Project, several walking tracks have been detected. And this made it possible fort he outdoor enthusiasts to ases the tracks in such an easier and safer way that they are now able to rediscover Alanya. The start points of the walking tracks, where you will enjoy the unmatched beauty of Alanya and the Toros Mountains, are all close to the public transportation routes. Covering the provincial boundary of Alanya, walking tracks and other altenative destinations are waiting for you with all the mystery they can offer.

ALANYA

Alanya is a city situated in the Mediterranean, in the eastern coast of Antalya Bay of the Anatolian Peninsula and its history dates back to the antiquity. There are Taurus Mountains behind the town. The total coastline of Alanya to the Mediterranean is about 100 km. The natural well-kept beaches extend along the coast. Alanya has a typical Mediterranean climate with humid winters and hot dry summers. The average winter temperature is 14ºC; the average summer temperature is 27ºC. The water averages temperature is 18ºC in winter and 25ºC in summer. Though snow in the city centre is an extraordinary natural event, Taurus Mountains, which height is more than 2000 meters, are covered with snow during winter. At the beginning of the spring, the 20 rivers of Alanya carry the melting snow from the Taurus to Mediterranean, creating wonderful picnic areas and rafting rivers. Plateaus on Taurus Mountains have a very rich flora and there are perfect routes for trekking and safari. Even in Alanya Citadel, there are 16 endemic plant species. There are no factories in Alanya; economic life depends on tourism and agriculture. Alanya has an important role in Turkey’s banana and citrus growing. Alanya is one of the biggest and most popular holiday destinations of the Mediterranean with a total number of 150.000 bed capacity.

Alanya has a natural vegetation cover, as well as a vegetation cover formed with agricultural activities. At the coastal area, citrus fruit gardens and banana plantations impart a vibrant green to the region, while tree species such as avocado and kiwi, which are good agricultural crops for the region, are on the rise. At the mountainous and plateau areas, cold-resistant fruit species such as apple, pear, quince are grown. Eucalyptus trees adorn the roadsides.

 

At the present time,

Alanya municipal organization was established in 1872. The first Mayor Mr. Ahmet Asım took office in 1901. Touristic activities in Alanya date back to 1958-60s when the Germans arrived in Alanya. Tourism investments starting with boarding houses at that period have expanded to over 150 thousand beds in touristic facilities today.

While police is responsible for the security in the town centre, gendarme is the official security for suburbs and outskirt of Alanya. Tasks and authority of the security forces are regulated in accordance with the European Community Standards. Alanya has a Sea Frontier and a harbour for foreign-flagged ships. Currency exchange and international transfers are available in any bank branch. Credit cards can be used with ATMs. Foreign currency, especially Euro is a mean of cash payment for shopping. Three operators provide International GSM communication service. There are plenty of car, 4 wheelers and bike rental agencies in Alanya. In the town, there are a full-equipped government and two private hospitals and a dialysis centre. Besides the national health insurances, all European insurances are valid in these health centres. Insurance agencies in Alanya provide such services.

TURKISH CULTURE

Anatolia, connecting the west and east cultures, is one of the starting points of the world’s civilization. Majority of Turks are Muslim and hospitality is their most common speciality. There is a tradition to offer tea, coffee or another drink at the first meeting. It is impolite to reject such offerings. Turks try their best to help a stranger even if they do not speak his/her language. National holidays are April 23, May 19, August 30 and October 29. January 1 is an official holiday and there are two religious holidays lasting for three days one of them and four days the other.

At Alanya Castle, silk and cotton weaving with looms, gourd painting with different figures are performed in front of historical wooden and masonry houses, and authentic food is served in small gardens. There are restaurants and cafeterias along the road ascending to the castle and at the hillsides overlooking the port. The citadel is open to vehicle traffic.

HISTORY

The very first human settlement in Alanya starts in the caves and dates back 20.000 years to the upper Palaeolithic age.  Herodotus tells that following the Trojan War people spread out to Anatolia and settled in Alanya region where Pamfilya and Cilician borders were. Town hosted pirates who resisted the Roman Empire for ages. It was also ruled by Romans in medieval and was a capital of Anatolian Seljuks. Sultan of the Seljuks liked the city so much that he rebuilt it and named Alaiye. Alanya, first named Coracesium and then Kalonoros and Alaiye, today is a nominee for the World’s Heritage Cities of UNESCO with its thousands year history.

The studies carried out in 1957 by Prof. Dr. Kılınç KÖKTEN in Kadıini Cave located 12 km from the downtown indicate that the history of the region dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period (20,000-17,000 B.C.). Its oldest known name is “Korakesium”, which became “Kalanoros” in the Byzantine period, and upon seizure of the castle by Alaaddin Keykubat I (1200-1237), one of the Anatolian Seljuk Rulers, in the 13th century, the name of the city was changed to Alaiye. Atatürk visited the city in 1935, naming it Alanya.

HJIDRELLES  CHURCH

It is located in Hjidr İlyas near a village called Haji Mehmetli which is 10 km away from the city centre. It is built  on a slope looking at the Mediterranean sea in the 19th century. Its roof is masonry; the church’s plan is rectangular with stone walls and tiny abscissa.

ŞARAPSA INN

It is a 13th century building located on the inter-city highway, 13 kilometres westward from Alanya. It was built as a caravanserai on the Silk Road between 1236-1246 on the demand of Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev, the Sultan of Seljuks. Today it is used for entertainment.

ALARA CITADEL

The Citadel of Alara was built in 1232, 37 kilometres westward from Alanya on the demand of Alaaddin Keykubat, the Sultan of Seljuks and it is 9 kilometres far from the sea. The aim of the citadel that was to protect the people on the Silk Road stopped at the inn near the Alara Creek. It is built on a steep hill at 500 meters height above the sea level. Consisting of two sections, namely, outer and inner fortresses, the fortress is accessed with high stairs starting from the entry tunnel.

ALARA INN

It is located on the banks of  Alara Creek. It was built as a caravanserai on a land of two thousand metres square, using large stone blocks. The inn built in 1231 was restored a few years ago and today is used as a restaurant and a tourism centre. It is also noteworthy that some signatures of master builders were found during the restoration of the building.

Following the guardroom preserved to this day, the second gate of the Caravanserai opens to the spaces where travelers once stayed. There are small rooms, a fountain, masjid and bathhouse on two sides of a long corridor.

COLYBRASSUS

It is a city situated in Taurus Mountains, 30 km northwest of Alanya which belonged to Roman period. Many inscriptions scattered all around have a lot of important information about the history of the city although the details are still unknown to us.

HAMAXIA

It is 12 kilometres far from Alanya within the borders of Pamfilya Region. Strabon, the eminent geographer of the antiquity, mentions about the high quantity of cedar trees that were used in shipbuilding in this region.

SYEDRA

It is located 20 km east of Alanya. The excavations were carried out by Alanya Museum. It is believed that the history of the city dates back to 7th century B.C. The city is surrounded by city walls. Syedra participated in the fights against the pirates in the region. An inscription prepared from the letter of gratitude sent to the city in 194 A.D. by the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus is exhibited in Alanya Museum. It is understood, from an honor inscription in the city, that there was a people’s assembly and a senate in Syedra. The base of most of the structures are adorned with mosaics.

LAERTES

It is located about 25 km away from Alanya, on the skirt of a mountain elevating to the entrance of Dim Valley in Taurus Mountains. The city is located in the border of the region known as Mountainous Kilikya Region in antique ages. The inscription dating from 7th century BC in Fenike language found in the town is exhibited in the Alanya museum. The agora is limited by rows of shops on the west, by the bathhouse on the south, and by Exedra on the north.

IOTAPE

It is 33 km east of Alanya. The acropolis of the city is located on the high hill extending to the sea. In the valley where acropolis is connected to the land, there is Harbour Street. The most prominent surviving structure is the bathhouse. The sewerage system of the bathhouse has been preserved to date. On the southern section are the remains of a temple, mausoleums, and small grave structures covered with vault. The inlet harboring the remnants of the antique port has an ideal sandbank for sea bathing. A small bay with harbour ruins has an ideal beach for swimming.

DİM CAVE

It is located 12 km east of Alanya, on the slope of Cebeli Reis Mountain at the altitude of 232 m. It is the second biggest cave known to the Alanya visitors. It is estimated to be 1 million years old. The cave consists of two paths. One is of 50 m, the other of 360 metres deep. There is a small lake in the end of the cave. The 360 meter-long path is illuminated and offers its visitors a pleasant excursion with tremendous looks of stalagmite and stalactite. A natural and karstic cave.

OBA BROOK

Oba Brook falls into the Mediterranean from the west of Dim Brook. There are picnic areas in Kadıpınarı where the brook rises. The shade of pine and plane trees is always cool. Kadıini Cave, known as the first settlement of Alanya in the prehistoric times, is located here, too. It is inconvenient to enter the cave for safety, as there are no arrangements yet. Trout fish is the most preferable dish in the restaurants of Kadıpınarı.

SAPADERE CANYON

Sapadere Canyon and Sapadere village are located 40 km away from Alanya centre and 175 km away from Antalya Airport within the territorial border of Alanya sub-district of Antalya province. The Canyon and village of Sapadere has magnificent natural beauties where you can see all shades of the green. You will have an opportunity to taste village-style local foods that are all cooked of natural products. Your children shall grab at an opportunity of having fun on playground, which is designed especially for kids, which means that the service quality and hygiene are standing in the forefront. You will see the weaving of the silk on the weaving loom.

You will have an opportunity to see the natural beauty of the canyon closer by the walking-path through the canyon. If you want to see and enjoy all the activities, you are invited to Canyon and Village of Sapadere

DEREKÖY

It is a plateau village located on the slope of the Kargı Brook valley. It is located among pine trees and orchards. You can climb there using the 30 km asphalt road. The forest is convenient for people to have a picnic and go for trekking. You can do shopping from the village grocer and then drink a glass of tea in the village cafe. There are also village restaurants offering meat dishes.

TÜRBELİNAS PLATEAU

You can get there with an hour driving through the Taurus. In addition, safari tours by jeep convoys are organized. You can see that drinks are kept in the cold spring water to get cool. It is recommended to try local cuisine and dishes such as a“village chicken” cooked with butter and tomato sauce